Category Archives: Law ဥပဒ

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Protection of journalists and human rights defenders bill

Journalists and human rights defenders are regularly attacked for what they say in Myanmar. Reprisal attacks include surveillance, harassment, beatings and killings. Women also face gender-based attacks. Freedom of expression includes a right to protection from violent reprisals and journalists and human rights defenders urgently

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Protection Against Hate Speech Bill

Influential people that are intolerant of religious, ethnic, gender and sexual diversity have made hateful speech in Myanmar. Hateful speech has included everything from offensive and discriminatory remarks to incitement to violence and ethnic cleansing. People making hateful speech are unaccountable. The government has not

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Right to Information Bill

Myanmar is one of the most corrupt countries in the world with one of the most unaccountable governments. This is partly because the government is very secretive and many public officials believe that the information they keep on budgets, policies, and projects is secret. Myanmar

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Public Service Media Bill

Myanmar has a number of government-controlled broadcasters on radio and television, including channels run by the Ministry of Information and by the military. The government needs to end all government-controlled broadcasters and create a public service broadcaster. The USDP government proposed a Public Service Media

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Official Secrets Act

The Official Secrets Act was created by the British colonial government in 1923 to criminalise the sharing of almost any kind of information held by the government. The government can say any information is an official secret and is likely to hide corruption and wrongdoing

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Electronic Transactions Law

The Electronic Transactions Law was created under the military government to regulate the internet and control internet users using harsh criminal punishments. The Electronic Transactions Law includes illegitimate criminal punishments for freedom of expression which are unacceptable in a democracy. Summary of recommendations The Electronic

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Broadcasting Law — ရုပ်မြင်သံကြားနှင့် အသံထုတ်လွှင့်ခြင်းဆိုင်ရာ ဥပဒေ

The Broadcasting Law was created to open up the government-controlled television and radio sector and allow new private and community channels to apply for licences. Unfortunately the law keeps all undemocratic government-controlled channels and creates a broadcasting regulator that is not independent from government control.

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Printing and Publishing Law

The Printing and Publishing Law is a licensing law for the print media. Democracies do not licence the print media because licences are easily abused by governments. Printers and publishers are ordinary businesses and should be regulated under ordinary business laws. There is also no

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Constitution — ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံ

The Constitution does not fully protect the right to freedom of expression. Articles 354 (liberty of expression and publication) and 365 (freedom of artistic expression) do not comply with international standards. There are no articles protecting media freedom and the right to information. 2017 update

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News Media Law — သတင်းမီဒီယာ ဥပဒေ

The News Media Law was created partly to protect journalists in a country with no constitutional guarantee for media freedom and no government will to amend the many laws criminalising journalism. Unfortunately the law only partially protects media freedom and fails to guarantee journalists’ rights.