New report: Freedom of the Net 2022 — အင်တာနက်ပေါ်တွင် လွတ်လပ်မှု မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ ၂၀၂၂
|Internet Freedom Status အင်တာနက်ပေါ်တွင် လွတ်လပ်မှု အခြေအနေ||Not Free လွတ်လပ်မှုမရှိ||Not Free လွတ်လပ်မှုမရှိ||Not Free လွတ်လပ်မှုမရှိ||Not Free လွတ်လပ်မှုမရှိ|
|A. Obstacles to Access (0-25 points) ရရှိအသုံးပြုနိုင်မှုအပေါ် အတားအဆီးများ (၀-၂၅ မှတ်)||10||7||4||2|
|B. Limits on Content (0-35 points) အကြောင်းအရာများကို ကန့်သတ်မှု (၀–၃၅ မှတ်)||16||13||7||6|
|C. Violations of User Rights (0-40 points) အသုံးပြုသူ အခွင့်အရေး ချိုးဖောက်မှုများ (၀-၄၀ မှတ်)||10||11||6||4|
|Total (0-100 points) စုစုပေါင်း (၀-၁၀၀)||36||31||17||12|
The military continued to repress internet freedom in the face of ongoing civil disobedience, political opposition, and armed conflict after staging its February 2021 coup.
Freedom of the Net is a partnership between Freedom House and FEM. The global report can be found at www.freedomonthenet.org. A Myanmar translation of the report will be available soon.
Key Developments, June 1, 2021 – May 31, 2022
- The military imposed large price increases on mobile data and multiple new taxes on phones, sharply restricting the affordability of internet access—especially for poor people already disadvantaged by the declining economy (see A2).
- Authorities frequently deployed short-term, localized internet shutdowns to prevent the opposition from organizing or sharing information about atrocities, restricting internet access for millions of users (see A3).
- After Norway-based Telenor announced its intent to sell its telecommunications business in Myanmar in July 2021, the military forced a sale to a military-linked company, putting Telenor users’ data within its reach (see A4 and C6).
- Civil society and those involved in mobilizing online communities were subjected to continuous physical attack, online harassment, and imprisonment, driving many organizations and groups into exile or self-censorship (see B4 and B8).
- Scores of internet users were imprisoned for their online activities during the coverage period; military courts issued multiyear prison sentences and carried out executions (see C3 and C7).
- The military struck against online anonymity by seeking the criminalization of virtual private networks (VPNs), imposing mandatory registration of devices, and increasing surveillance on both social media platforms and via telecommunications companies (see C4 and C6).